Background; Hyperglycemia as a medical condition due to diabetes or other underlying conditions like Stress-Induced Hyperglycemia and sepsis as a life-threatening medical condition are two of the challenges faced during burn treatment.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the risk for sepsis and mortality for the patients with critical hyperglycemic values during the disease.
Material and Methods; This is an observational retrospective cohort study conducted in the Service of Burns of the University Hospital Centre “Mother Teresa” in Tirana (UHCT), Albania from 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2014. Patients were categorized as having euglycemia (mean BG values ranging from 80-120 mg/dl), moderate hyper Sepsis was defined according to the ABA Consensus Panel Publication for Infection and Sepsis glycemia (mean BG values <180 mg/dl) or critical hyperglycemia (mean BG values ≥180 mg/dl). to evaluate the impact of the presence of critical hyperglycemia during the disease in sepsis and mortality, we performed Relative risk, Odds ratio
Results; Those who had overall hyperglycemia (Moderate and Critical) had 2.6 times the risk for sepsis compared to those who were in the euglycemia group. Analyzing the risk of mortality in patients with overall hyperglycemia during the disease, we observed that the chance of a bad outcome was 2.7 times more likely to occur if the patient had hyperglycemia (RR=2.7).
Conclusions: Glucose values on admission, as one of the derangement features of burn shock, are prognostic factors in critical hyperglycemia during burn disease and have a close relationship with other outcomes (sepsis and mortality).
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