Complications following T-tube and C-tube Drainage of the Common Bile Duct
AJTES Vol. 5, No 2, July 2021.
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CBD exploration

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Bode, R., Shella, K., Dede, H., Draçini, X., & Çeliku, E. (2021). Complications following T-tube and C-tube Drainage of the Common Bile Duct. Albanian Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 5(2), 834-837.


The aim of this study is to assess the complications of T-tube (Kehr) and C- tube (Cystic) drainage used for biliary drainage, following biliary surgery. 

We evaluate all possible complications, related to the tube in situ, during cholangiography and following t- tube removal retrospectively, during a 4- year period 2016-2019.

T-tubes were inserted in 48 patients, with 11 (22.8%) patients experiencing complications related to T-tube. A broad spectrum of complications was found, ranging from biliary-specific complications such as a biliary leak, biliary peritonitis, and retained stones, to systemic general complications as wound infection, pulmonary thromboembolism, and internal hemorrhage.

Although this retrospective study has underestimated the incidence of T-tube complications, it has demonstrated significant morbidity related to T-tube use, which poses the need for replacement by minimally invasive surgical techniques.
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