Ventral Hernias in Kalyana Karnataka Teaching Hospital: A Prospective Study.
AJTES Vol 7, No 2, July 2023
Patil SK et al. Ventral Hernias in Kalyana Karnataka Teaching Hospital. A Prospective Study


ventral hernia

How to Cite

Patil, S., Reddy, A., Shafiuddin, M., Aziz, A., & Abhijith, H. (2023). Ventral Hernias in Kalyana Karnataka Teaching Hospital: A Prospective Study. Albanian Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 7(2), 1245-1248.


A ventral hernia is a protrusion of the abdominal viscus through the anterior abdominal wall occurring at any site other than the inguinal and femoral areas and is a common problem encountered by surgeons.

Aims & Objective: Due to the lack of prospective cohorts to determine the natural history of untreated ventral hernias, most surgeons recommend that these hernias be repaired as soon as they are discovered. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of ventral hernias occurring in both sexes, various age groups, various risk factors, and complications, as well as their clinical presentations and treatment.

Material and Methods: During the period August 2020 to August 2021 (12 months), a prospective study was conducted at our tertiary care hospital. The study included 50 cases of anterior abdominal hernias excluding groin hernias and posterior abdominal wall hernias. A detailed history and a thorough clinical examination were used to collect data. In the proforma, data was entered, tabulated, and analyzed using statistical software (SPSS 2015).

Results: Ventral hernias accounted for 5% of surgical admissions. Among the ventral hernias, para umbilical hernias were the most prevalent (48%). An infra umbilical midline herniation accounted for 36% of cases, followed by an umbilical region herniation in 18% of cases. Constipation and obesity were found to be the major risk factors. Most defects are small (>2cm). 48% of inlay mesh repairs were made.

Conclusion: 50 cases of ventral hernias were studied in the present study, which was conducted in our tertiary care hospital. Five percent of all admissions to the surgical ward were due to ventral hernias. The females to males ratio was 1:17, and the mean age was 41. The mean total duration for surgery in sublay group was 75.4±9.23 minutes compared to 63.7±10.58 minutes in onlay group, which was statistically significant (p<0.05).
Patil SK et al. Ventral Hernias in Kalyana Karnataka Teaching Hospital. A Prospective Study


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