Surgical Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. A Retrospective Study.
Nuellari E. et al. - Surgical Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. A Retrospective Study

Keywords

aortic repair
operative surgical procedures
screening program
quality of care
treatment outcome

How to Cite

Nuellari, E., Kuci, S., Kenga, A., Kosovrasti, D., Ibrahimi, A., & Bejko, E. (2024). Surgical Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. A Retrospective Study. Albanian Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 8(1), 1323-1330. https://doi.org/10.32391/ajtes.v8i1.356

Abstract

Introduction: Surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms poses a significant challenge in the field of vascular surgery, with numerous factors influencing operative technique and surgical outcome.

This study aimed to assess the outcomes of open surgical treatment for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms at the Vascular Surgery Service of University Hospital Centre “Mother Teresa” Tirana and provide recommendations for improving outcomes.

Material and Methods: A single-center, non-randomized, retrospective study of the results of open surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in 206 patients from January 2008 to December 2015 was performed at the Vascular Surgery Service of University Hospital Centre “Mother Teresa” Tirana. The study only included patients with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm, while patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm were excluded.

The study evaluated the incidence of abdominal aortic aneurysms, clinical and imaging findings of the disease (ultrasound, tomographic, and arteriographic), frequency of involvement of the iliac artery in the pathological process, and postoperative complications. Transabdominal access was the most commonly utilized, while retroperitoneal access was deemed the safest. No significant differences in recurrence rates were noted between the two approaches.

Results: During the study period, 206 patients underwent surgery for AAA and met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 188 (91.3%) were male and 18 (8.7%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 67.8±5.7 years, with 67.7±5.9 years for men and 69±3.1 years for women. There were no statistically significant differences in age between genders (p>0.05).

Conclusion: In all other cases of abdominal aortic aneurysms, surgical treatment should be strongly recommended. Finally, given the clinical benefits of using surgical treatment of asymptomatic aneurysms to reduce mortality, it is necessary to conduct an economic assessment of the feasibility of abdominal aortic aneurysms screening in the population over 55 of the age of both sexes.

 

https://doi.org/10.32391/ajtes.v8i1.356
Nuellari E. et al. - Surgical Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms. A Retrospective Study

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