Management of Perforated Sigmoid Diverticulitis with Associated Retroperitoneal Abscess and Generalized Peritonitis
Haxhirexha K. et al. - Management of Perforated Sigmoid Diverticulitis with Associated Retroperitoneal Abscess and Generalized Peritonitis

Keywords

sigmoid diverticula
peritonitis
retroperitoneal abscess

How to Cite

Haxhirexha, K., Ademi, A., Dogjani, A., Alili, R., Dika – Haxhirexha, F., Fejzuli, B., & Emini – Rushiti, T. (2024). Management of Perforated Sigmoid Diverticulitis with Associated Retroperitoneal Abscess and Generalized Peritonitis. Albanian Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 8(1), 1397-1401. https://doi.org/10.32391/ajtes.v8i1.379

Abstract

Introduction: Diverticulitis represents a relatively common pathology within the gastrointestinal tract. While diverticula can occur throughout the digestive system, their prevalence is notably higher in the left colon, particularly in the sigmoid region. This condition predominantly affects middle-aged and elderly males. The most effective diagnostic methods for this disease are colonoscopy and computed tomography (CT) with contrast. Although severe complications of diverticulitis are infrequent, the optimal classification of these complications has been described by Hinchey.

The article aims to show the case of a young patient with complicated diverticulitis with perforation and generalized peritonitis, classified as stage III-IV, according to Hinchey.

Case report: A 43-year-old female patient was urgently admitted to the General Surgery Clinic at Tetovo Clinical Hospital, presenting with severe generalized abdominal pain and signs of peritoneal irritation. Comprehensive diagnostic imaging revealed a large retroperitoneal abscess located above the psoas muscle, accompanied by a significant accumulation of free fluid, suspected to be pus, in the abdominal cavity. Following initial resuscitation, surgical intervention was undertaken. Intraoperative findings included advanced inflammatory changes in the sigmoid colon, characterized by thickened fibrotic walls and a partially constricted lumen. A large abscess was also identified in the retroperitoneal space between the spleen and left kidney. Given these findings, resectioning the distal descending colon and most of the sigmoid colon was considered necessary. The retroperitoneal abscess was incised, its contents aspirated, and a thorough cavity debridement was performed. Subsequently, the Hartmann procedure was executed. Postoperatively, due to the patient's deteriorating condition, she was transferred to the intensive care unit for continued treatment. The patient was discharged from the hospital in stable condition on the tenth day following the surgery.

Conclusion: While complications from sigmoid diverticula are uncommon, they can occasionally be extremely severe and pose a significant risk to patient survival.

https://doi.org/10.32391/ajtes.v8i1.379
Haxhirexha K. et al. - Management of Perforated Sigmoid Diverticulitis with Associated Retroperitoneal Abscess and Generalized Peritonitis

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