Background: Bronchiectasis is usually caused by pulmonary infections and bronchial obstructions. It is still a serious problem in developing countries, as our country. We reviewed the morbidity and mortal-ity rates and outcomes of bronchiectasis surgical treatment.
Patients and methods: Between years 2000 and 2016, one hundred and seven (107) patients, sixty nine (69) of whom female and thirty eight (38) male underwent pulmonary resection for bronchiecta-sis. The mean age was 35years (range, 13–66 years). Mean duration of symptoms was 12 years.
Results: Symptoms were copious amount of purulent sputum in 84 patients, expectoration of foul-smelling sputum in 72, haemoptysis in 21 and cough in all patients. The indications for pulmonary resection were: medical therapy failure in eighty two (82) patients, massive haemoptysis in eighteen
and lung abscess in seven (7) patients. The disease was bilateral in twenty seven (27) patients and mainly confined in the lower lobe. Eighty six (86) patients had a lobectomy, 7 had a segmentectomy, two patients right pneumonectomy. Operative morbidity was seen in 47 patients (43.9 %) and mor-tality in two (2) patients. Follow-up was complete in 97 patients with a mean of 5 years. Overall, 78 patients were asymptomatic after surgical treatment; symptoms were improved in 24, and unchanged or worse in 5.
Conclusions: Surgical treatment of bronchiectasis is more effective in patient with localized disease. It is satisfactory with acceptable ratio of morbidity and mortality.
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