Predictive Factors and the Role of Traumatic Brain Injury in Stroke.
AJTES Vol 2, No 1,  January 2018.
PDF Full Text


traumatic brain injury
risk faktors

How to Cite

Basha, E., Kuqo, A., Djamandi, P., & Kruja, J. (2018). Predictive Factors and the Role of Traumatic Brain Injury in Stroke. Albanian Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 2(1), 27-27.


Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of mortality and invalidity worldwide.

Objective: To explore whether traumatic brain injury may be a risk factor for subsequent stroke and to evaluate the role of other risk factors correlated with TBI and stroke.

Methods: We analysed 643 patients presented in the emergency department of Trauma UHC, from 1stof June 2011 - 1st of December 2011. We evaluated the following factors: age, gender, and severity of head trauma, type of head trauma, systemic hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes mellitus.

Results: During 1-year of follow upperiod 32 (4.97%) strokes occurred in TBI patients. The evaluation was done in correlation with the other risk factors taken into account in the study.

Conclusions: The role of TBI is underestimated in the evaluation of stroke. This study demonstrated that during the first year after TBI, 13.53 % of patients experienced stroke. After careful statistical cor-relations with the selected co-morbidities, we found that the diagnosis of stroke was strongly related with TBI.
PDF Full Text


Rutland-BrownW, LangloisJA, Thomas KE, XiYL. Incidence of traumatic brain injury in the United States, 2003.J Head Trauma Rehabil 2006; 21: 544.

TagliaferriF, CompagnoneC, KorsicM, etal. A sys-tematic review of brain injury epidemiology in Europe. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2006;148:255.

HillierSL, HillerJE, Metzer J.Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury in South Australia. Brain-Inj1997; 11: 649.

LangloisJA, Keyl PM, Guralnik JM, et al. Characteristics of older pedestrians who have difficulty crossing the street. Am JPublic Health1997; 87: 393.

KrausJF, Mc Arthur DL. Epidemiologic aspects of brain injury. NeurolClin1996; 14: 435.

IlieG, BoakA, AdlafEM, etal. Prevalence and correlates of traumatic brain injuries among adolescents. JAMA 2013; 309: 2550.

Vital M, Traumatic brain injury. Hope through research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. NIH Publication No 02-158.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.