Background: One of the most severe complication after intestinal resection, often with catastrophic consequence for the patient is leakage from the anastomosis. The severity of complications after anastomotic leak may range from a small localized peritonitis or abscess formation without sepsis, to a development of a four quadrant peritonitis with septic shock. Until now despite the seriousness of this complications, the cause of anastomotic leakage are not yet definitively clear. Aim: The aim of this study is to submit our experience in treatment of patients with anastomotic leakage after intestinal resection and their outcome.
Materials and Methods: The study included 63 patients with colorectal cancer operated in the Department of Surgery at the Clinical Hospital of Tetova. In all patients intestinal resection with end to end anastomosis was performed.
Conclusions: Anastomotic leak after large bowel resection is a very serious complication with a great impact on patient’s morbidity and mortality.
Multiple risk factors are associated with occurrence of this complication whereas the more suspected are: preoperative anaemia, hypoalbuminemia, emergent surgery without adequate preparation of patient, intraoperative blood loss and blood transfusion during surgery etc. Early detection of AL is very important and helpful to improve the outcome of patients and to minimize postoperative rate of morbidity and mortality.
Keywords: anastomotic leaks, colorectal surgery, risk factors
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